Quality Assurance Plan (QAP)


Definition - What does Quality Assurance Plan (QAP) mean?

A quality assurance plan (QAP) is a comprehensive report illustrating the legitimate use of all evidential breath testing (EBT) certified devices in abidance to Department of Transportation (DOT) safety standards. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is a federal agency that requires manufacturers of EBT devices to cover aspects of efficient care and use to maintain longevity. The QAP must embody details including calibration checks and maintenance, proper inspection, and user instructions to be registered on the confirmed products list (CPL) per NHTSA official approval.

WorkplaceTesting explains Quality Assurance Plan (QAP)

Alcohol testing is a crucial aspect in distinct industries and occupations such as aviation, commercial transit, railroad, and trucking where individual and public safety is a primary factor. The Omnibus Transportation Employee Testing Act of 1991 is a federal mandate introduced to develop, coordinate, and implement drug and alcohol testing standards for employers to follow concerning safety-sensitive positions. An EBT device measures the blood alcohol concentration level to determine the suitability of applicants and/or employees for filling or being reinstated to a job position.

The quality assurance plan serves as a guarantee that EBT devices meet the criteria for parties to use, for example, employers conducting alcohol testing procedures. Environmental factors such as humidity, relative temperature, altitude, and/or operational mode (i.e. stationary, portable) can influence the mechanical function of EBT devices. When performing alcohol testing, it is imperative for management to adhere to the manufacturer’s instructions to garner optimal results.

Employee assistance programs (EAP) are strategic measures that incorporate alcohol and drug testing protocol for individuals struggling with addictions. Although manufacturers submit a QAP to the NHTSA for recognition, employers must demonstrate consistent care and maintenance. For this reason, defective EBT equipment is exclusively handled and serviced by the manufacturer or a sanctioned state health agency representative.

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