Definition - What does Job Design mean?
Job design, within the context of workplace health and safety, is the process of defining a specific job. A job design will enumerate and define the tasks for a job and specify how those tasks are to be performed. The job design outlines the responsibilities and qualifications required for the job as well.
WorkplaceTesting explains Job Design
Job design is a valuable communication tool within an organization. The job design process should address each aspect of a particular job so that the job is clearly defined and understood. This detailed description can then be used in evaluating prospective employees for suitability, instructing existing employees on job requirements, ensuring employees carry out the job in a safe manner, and evaluating the job in terms of employee health, satisfaction, and productivity.
A job design can also include incentive programs and other non-standard compensation programs (such as flex time) in order to increase employee job satisfaction in traditionally low-satisfaction job roles.
With regard to repetitive or physical tasks in particular, job design can be used to modify and improve an employee's work experience and reduce workplace injuries caused by overwork or repetitious movement. A well-designed job should permit an employee to feel competent and valued, maximize productivity, and provide for a healthy and safe workplace.