Work Related Upper Limb Disorder (WRULD)

A work related upper limb disorder (WRULD) is a condition of the hand or fingers, or the upper arm, shoulder, or neck. An upper limb disorder (ULD) may be any pain, tension, or other injury to any part of the upper limb. When this condition is caused by, or exacerbated by, workplace conditions or job tasks, it is a work related upper limb disorder. Repetitive strain or cumulative trauma may cause a work related upper limb disorder.


Upper limb disorders (ULD) are those musculoskeletal disorders that affect the body from the neck to finger tips. These types of injuries or strains are often caused by ergonomically inefficient workplace conditions. A workplace upper limb disorder (WRULD) may be caused by repetitive strain, trauma, excessive lifting, poor posture, or other ergonomic hazards. The resulting injury may cause pain, stiffness, weakness, or otherwise interfere with the sufferer's ability to move and perform work tasks.

Examples of WRULD include bursitis, carpel tunnel syndrome, and rotator cuff syndrome. To avoid WRULD, employers should ensure that their workplace is ergonomically sound. Employees should also be encouraged to take appropriate work breaks along with other preventative measures.


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