Definition - What does Neutral Posture mean?
Neutral posture is the position of the body that places the least stress on the musculoskeletal system while still allowing for maximum control and strength. Maintaining neutral posture is one of the fundamental principles of sound ergonomic design in the workplace. When sitting or standing, a neutral posture will be comfortable and balanced for the employee.
WorkplaceTesting explains Neutral Posture
The joints and muscles of the body naturally align to provide for comfort and efficiency of movement. Assuming awkward postures and engaging in processes that do not conform to the body's natural alignment can lead to injuries and the development of musculoskeletal disorders.
The neutral posture for each muscle and joint group is the body position that minimizes this awkwardness and maximizes the body's performance. A neutral posture allows the body to achieve the greatest force potential with balance and control. For instance, a golfer's swing can be improved by correctly aligning his or her torso and arms pre-swing.
In the workplace, ergonomic design should ensure that workers can maintain a neutral position as much as possible. The best neutral position will vary depending on the specific task that an employee is performing. Thus, the ability to make adjustments to furniture and work zones should be included in any ergonomic design in order to better accomidate a healthy neutral position for workers at easch task.