Definition - What does Latent Period mean?
A latent period is the duration of time between initial exposure to a carcinogen, contaminant, or toxin and the onset of irreversible symptoms/conditions associated with the exposure such as chronic diseases, cancer, and benign and/or malignant tumors. Prolonged exposure to chemicals can lead to proliferation of cancer cells, targeting primary organs in the body resulting in cellular decomposition. Because many pathological conditions develop at a slow rate (latent period), symptoms can go undetected for years.
WorkplaceTesting explains Latent Period
Individuals who work in environments where perpetual exposure to chemical agents/substances is an essential aspect of their job are susceptible to chronic diseases. Different chemicals can enter the body by means of ingestion (i.e. contaminated beverages/food), inhalation of poisonous fumes, mists, and/or vapors, and direct contact (absorption of chemicals through skin).
During the latent period, progression of symptoms can reflect many independent variables such as age, allergic hypersensitivity, compound chemical(s) exposure, drinking/smoking habits, genetics, and concentration of toxic substances. Many individuals can experience discrete biological and/or physiological health concerns such as persistent coughing/wheezing, eye/skin irritation, nausea/vomiting, and diminished sperm count in men and fertility issues in women.
Contemporary health and safety initiatives manage to reduce hazardous exposure with simple methods that include proper handling/disposal techniques, adopting good diet and sanitation regimens, and ventilation system units to purify air quality. However, individuals still remain vulnerable to slight exposure of toxic chemicals complicating diagnosis of conditions throughout the course of the latent period.