9 Panel Drug Test
Definition - What does 9 Panel Drug Test mean?
A 9 panel drug test is a clinical assessment that identifies and confirms the presence of drug metabolites from nine different classes of illegal substances and/or prescription medications. Standard drugs include amphetamines, barbiturates, basic opiates (codeine, heroin, morphine), benzodiazepines, cocaine, marijuana, methadone, phencyclidine (PCP), and propoxyphene. A Medical Review Officer (MRO) administers testing that involves collecting a urine specimen for individuals seeking or maintaining employment positions as well as athletes training in competitive sports.
WorkplaceTesting explains 9 Panel Drug Test
A number of factors contribute to distinct reasons that court officials, employers, family members, and sport leagues require individuals to submit to a 9 panel drug test screening. For instance, amphetamines are considered performance enhancers, making them a choice drug for athletes to build muscle and increase stamina. Conversely, opiates are abused largely for their powerful sedative effects to alleviate chronic pain. For employers, drug abuse is a major health concern that contributes to a significant percentage of workplace accidents, often leading to injuries.
According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), employees abusing drugs on a consistent basis are likely to compromise efficient work habits resulting in frequent absenteeism, decreased morale, and substandard job performance. For employers, the lack of effective drug prevention programs can mean the difference between perpetuating drug dependence and fostering a culture of public health and safety. A 9 panel drug test can serve as an important regulation for large and small businesses to adopt combined with other measures such as employee assistance programs (EAP), and instructional materials (i.e. drug-free videos).
However, individuals prescribed certain medications might be suspected of abusing drugs based on non-negative test results, prompting the MRO to confirm doctor approval for the person in question.