Invasive Ventilation/Invasive Therapy

Last Updated: April 22, 2019

Definition - What does Invasive Ventilation/Invasive Therapy mean?

Invasive ventilation/invasive therapy refers to mechanical ventilation techniques designed to administer air, coupled with oxygen, in regulating the interchange between oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide (Co2) expulsion via two subsets of intubation methodology including the standard endotracheal tube (ET) and tracheostomy tube. Medical professionals employ invasive ventilation/invasive therapy measures for patients with severe cardiorespiratory conditions that impede autonomous breathing, posing treacherous consequences.

WorkplaceTesting explains Invasive Ventilation/Invasive Therapy

The implementation of invasive ventilation/invasive therapy is a delicate procedure where a mechanical ventilator and the relative elasticity of the lungs contributes to the interplay of the gaseous exchange in mediating breathing cycles. Mechanical ventilation units chart physiological aspects including blood pressure, heart rate (HR), oxygen saturation, and respiratory rate, operating concurrently in precluding disproportionate concentration of oxygen or carbon dioxide in the blood from occurring where hypoxemia (arterial oxygen deficiency) or acute progressive respiratory acidosis (carbon dioxide buildup) are common factors. Although mechanical ventilators can normalize breathing patterns, contraindications do exist. For example, infectious antigens can infiltrate via the ET tubes, increasing the likelihood of developing pneumonia or the use of defective tubing where spatial diffusion of excess air between the lungs and chest wall can result in pneumothorax (collapsed lung).

Endotracheal intubation consists of tubing that enters the nose or mouth that runs down the windpipe while tracheostomy requires a surgical incision forming a hole in the throat where a tube connects with each corresponding modality feeding air/oxygen to sustain homeostasis of vital organs in the body. In hospital facilities, the coordination of medical staff (i.e., physicians, nurses, respiratory therapists) in evaluating and modifying the treatment of the patient using a ventilator reflects several contingencies that dictate speedy discharge including the patient’s general physical state, the resiliency of lung tissue and its impact on systemic functionality. Because mechanical ventilation is not a remedial solution, health care personnel, family members, and ultimately the patient decide the outcome when the prognosis is terminal.

Research study cases demonstrate that extensive use of mechanical ventilation can influence post-recovery welfare in critically ill patients. The Functional Independence Measure (FIM) is a criterion for interpreting disability factors surrounding protracted mechanical ventilation use by accounting for physical soundness, psychological health, quality of life, and mortality.

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