Criminal Record Check

Definition - What does Criminal Record Check mean?

A criminal record check is an investigation to gather information about an individual’s criminal record. This type of background check is usually limited to information available from criminal justice agencies. Information collected during a criminal record check may include records of arrests, detentions, indictments, criminal charges dispositions, and fines. A criminal record check is often a part of the formal evaluation conducted by an employer regarding a prospective employee. A criminal record check may also be referred to as a criminal history check, a criminal history record check, a criminal background check or an identity history summary.

WorkplaceTesting explains Criminal Record Check

Subject to the limitations against discrimination found in the Civil Rights Act of 1964, an employer may evaluate a prospective employee’s criminal history in making a hiring decision. A criminal record check assists the employer in making this evaluation. A criminal record check will include not only criminal convictions but also any other criminal records regarding the individual. Arrests, detentions without charges, incarcerations and release dates may also be found in a criminal record check. Sources from which records may be obtained include courts, law enforcement and corrections agencies, offender registries and watch lists, state criminal record repositories, and the FBI’s Interstate Identification Index (III).

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